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Roman Domestic Politics in the Late Republic - 100-44 B.C.
Bibliography and References
The narrative of domestic politics of the late Roman Republic is based on accounts in the following works:
Crawford, M, (1992): "The Roman Republic" (2nd edition, Fontana, London)
Hammond, N.G.L. and Scullard, H.H. (editors) (1970): "The Oxford Classical Dictionary" (2nd edition, Oxford at the Clarendon Press)
Heichelheim, F.M. , Yeo, C.A. and Ward A.M. (1984): "A History of the Roman People" (Prentice Hall, New Jersey)
Shotter, D, (1994): "The Fall of the Roman Republic" (Lancaster Pamphlets, Routledge, London)
Some original source material can be found in the following accounts, and are usually available in Loeb Classical Library or Penguin translations:
Appian - "Bella Civilia" (Civil Wars), containing accounts of the political conflicts of the late Republic.
Caesar, Caius Julius - "Bellum Civilum" (The Civil War). Caesar's own narrative on the conflict between himself and Pompeius. See also the "Bellum Gallicum" (Gallic Wars) for the background of Caesar's conquest of Gaul.
Cicero, Marcus Tullius - "Epistulae ad Quintum Fratrem" (Letters to his brother Quintus); "Epistlae ad Familiares" (Letters to Friends); "Epistulae ad Atticus" (Letters to Atticus). See also the translations of Cicero's law court speeches (e.g. "Pro Cluentio", "Pro Roscio Amerio" "Pro Caelio", "Pro Milone", "In Verrem", etc), and other speeches (e.g. "De Imperio Gn. Pompeio", "De Lege Agraria", "De Provinciis Consularibus", etc).
Livy (Titus Livius) - "Ab Urbe Condita" (From the Founding of the City); A history of Rome since its foundation.
Plutarch - "Lives". Several biographies of well known Roman politicians, including Sulla, Marius, Sertorius, Pompeius, Crassus, Caesar, Cato, Brutus and Marcus Antonius.
Polybius - "Histories". Accounts of Rome in the early and middle periods of the Republic by a Greek political hostage in Rome.
Crispus, Gaius Sallustius (Sallust) - "Historia", "The Conspiracy of Catiline" and "Jugurthine War". The first survives only in fragmentary form while the latter charts the rise of G. Marius.
Some Modern Accounts and General Reading
Cambridge Ancient History - Volumes VIII - X.
Badian, E, (1968): "Roman Imperialism in the Late Republic" (Oxford).
Brunt, P.A. (1988): "The Fall of the Roman Republic" (Oxford).
Gelzer, M (1969): "The Roman Nobility" (Oxford).
Gruen, E.S. (1974): "The Last Generation of the Roman Republic" (Berkeley and Los Angeles).
Lewis, N. and Reinhold, M. (1990): "Roman Civilisation,volume 1: The Republic and Augustan Age" (2nd edition, New York).
Potter, T.W. (1987): "Roman Italy" (London).
Seager, R, (ed.) (1969): "The Crisis of the Roman Republic" (Cambridge).
Syme, R, (1939): "The Roman Revolution" (Oxford).
Taylor, L.R. (1949): "Party Politics in the Age of Caesar" (Berkeley and Los Angeles).